19 December 1977
Agenda item 67
Resolution adopted by the General Assembly
The General Assembly,
Recalling its resolutions 3201 (S-VI) and 3202 (S-VI) of 1 May 1974 containing the Declaration and the Programme of Action on the Establishment of a New International Economic Order, 3281 (XXIX) of 12 December 1974 containing the Charter of Economic Rights and Duties of States and 3362 (S-VII) of 16 September 1975 on development and international economic co-operation, as well as its resolution 2626 (XXV) of 24 October 1970 containing the International Development Strategy for the Second United Nations Development Decade,
Recalling the resolutions adopted by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development at its fourth session,/116
Recalling the results of various United Nations conferences held during recent years on major topics relating to economic and social development, which pertain to the establishment of the new international economic order,
Recalling further its resolution 31/178 of 21 December 1976,
Taking note of Economic and Social Council resolution 2125 (LXIII) of 4 August 1977,
Noting the report of the Conference on International Economic Co-operation,/117
Noting the report of the Committee on Review and Appraisal on its fourth session/118 and the preliminary proposal of the developing countries contained in the annex to that report,
Recalling the role of the Economic and Social Council and of other organs, organizations, bodies and conferences of the United Nations system in the establishment of the new international economic order,
Emphasizing the need to oversee and monitor the implementation of the decisions and agreements reached in the negotiations in various appropriate forums of the United Nations system in their respective fields, and to determine further lines of action and provide impetus for further negotiations for the solution of issues remaining unresolved,
Deeply concerned at the deteriorating economic situation of developing countries and at negative trends in international economic developments,
Deeply concerned also that parts of the developing world are still subjected to colonialism, neo-colonialism, racial discrimination, apartheid, foreign aggression and occupation and alien domination, which constitute major obstacles to the economic emancipation and development of the developing countries and peoples,
Recognizing the concern that the negotiations conducted so far on the establishment of the new international economic order have produced only limited results while the gap between the developed and developing countries is growing, and emphasizing that further resolute efforts have to be made, particularly by the developed countries, to reduce the existing imbalance,
1.Affirms that all negotiations of a global nature relating to the establishment of the new international economic order should take place within the framework of the United Nations system;
2.Decides to convene a special session of the General Assembly in 1980, at a high level, in order to assess the progress made in the various forums of the United Nations system in the establishment of the new international economic order and, on the basis of that assessment, to take appropriate action for the promotion of the development of developing countries and international economic co-operation, including the adoption of the new international development strategy for the 1980s;
3.Decides to establish a committee of the whole,/119 which shall meet, as and when required, during the intersessional periods until the special session of the General Assembly in 1980;
4.Decides further that the Committee/120 shall assist the General Assembly by acting as the focal point in:
5.Requests the Committee to submit reports on its work and recommendations to the General Assembly at its thirty-third and thirty-fourth sessions and at the special session to be held in 1980;
6.Recommends that representation on the Committee should be at a high level;
7.Decides that the Committee may establish appropriate working arrangements to accomplish its task;
8.Also decides that the election of officers of the Committee should take place annually;
9.Requests the Secretary-General to ensure that the Committee receives the necessary documentation to enable it to accomplish its tasks, as specified in paragraph 4 above, and authorizes the Committee to request the Secretary-General to provide specific reports in this regard in co-operation with the appropriate organs, organizations, other bodies and conferences of the United Nations system;
10.Requests in this context the Economic and Social Council, in discharging its functions under the Charter of the United Nations, to contribute effectively to the work of the Committee, bearing in mind the relationship between the overseeing and monitoring
functions of the Committee and the role of the Council in the preparation of a new international development strategy;
11.Affirms that in the negotiations undertaken on the various issues in the appropriate bodies of the United Nations system the international community should, with a sense of urgency, make new and resolute efforts to secure positive and concrete results within agreed and specific time-frames.
107th plenary meeting
116/ See Proceedings of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Fourth Session, vol. I, Report and Annexes (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.76.II.D.10 and corrigendum), part one, sect. A.
117/ See A/31/478 and Corr.1, annex, and A/31/478/Add.1 and Add.1/Corr.1.
118/ Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, Sixty-third Session, Supplement No. 6 (E/5994).
119/ It is understood that the committee of the whole will be open to all States, this term being interpreted in accordance with the established practice of the General Assembly.
120/ Subsequently referred to as the Committee Established under General Assembly Resolution 32/174.