19 December 1979
Agenda item 70
Resolution adopted by the General Assembly
The General Assembly,
Recalling its resolutions 3201 (S-VI) and 3202 (S-VI) of 1 May 1974, containing the Declaration and the Programme of Action on the Establishment of a New International Economic Order, which give prominence to the role of science and technology in promoting the development of developing countries,
Recalling also its resolutions 3362 (S-VII) of 16 September 1975, 31/184 of 21 December 1976, 32/115 of 15 December 1977 and 33/192 of 29 January 1979 and Economic and Social Council resolutions 1897 (LVII) of 1 August 1974, 2028 (LXI) of 4 August 1976, 2123 (LXIII) of 4 August 1977 and 1978/70 of 4 August 1978, concerning the convening and preparation of the United Nations Conference on Science and Technology for Development,
Recalling further its resolutions 32/197 of 20 December 1977 and 33/202 of 29 January 1979 on the restructuring of the economic and social sectors of the United Nations system,
Convinced of the paramount need for and importance of the application of science and technology to development in establishing a new international economic order,
Recognizing that peace, security and national independence are important factors for ensuring the effective utilization and further development of science and technology for all countries, in particular for the developing countries, and that effectIve measures in the field of real disarmament would increase the possibilities of reallocation of resources now being used for military purposes to economic and social development, particularly for the benefit of the developing countries,
Emphasizing the urgent need to develop and strengthen the scientific and technological capacities of the developing countries in order to enable them to apply science and technology to their own development, with a view to the elimination of existing inequalities between developing and developed conn tries in science and technology,
Recognizing that concerted and sustained efforts must be made by all sections of the international community in order to achieve the goal of strengthening the endogenous scientific and technological capacities of the developing countries,
Further recognizing the role of the intergovernmental organizations and non-governmental organizations in the implementation of scientific and technological development programmes,
Conscious that deliberate and urgent steps are needed in order to achieve the target of reconstructing the existing pattern of international scientific and technological relations,
Affirming the central role of the United Nations in the promotion of science and technology for development and the need to strengthen that role through, inter alia. new institutional arrangements and additional and substantially increased financial resources,
Reaffirming the need to strengthen the role of the United Nations system in the field of science and technology through, inter alia, new institutional arrangements and new substantia] resources in addition to those which currently exist,
Recognizing the need for adopting effective means of utilizing new science and technology for overcoming obstacles to development and also the role to be played by science and technology in the development strategies for the future,
Taking note of the report adopted by the United Nations Conference on Science and Technology for Development on 31 August 1979,/239
Noting with satisfaction the agreements reached at the United Nations Conference on Science and Technology for Development as contained in the report adopted by the Conference,/239
Recognizing the important role of Governments in the execution of the Vienna Programme of Action on Science and Technology for Development,/240 adopted by the Conference, and in the implementation of scientific and technological programmes within the framework of national development programmes,
Expressing regret that no decisions were taken on certain important questions,
Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Conference on Science and Technology for Development,/241
1.Expresses its appreciation and thanks to the Government and people of Austria for the excellent facilities and generous hospitality provided for the United Nations Conference on Science and Technology for Development, held at Vienna from 20 to 31 August 1979;
2.Endorses the Vienna Programme of Action on Science and Technology for Development;/240
3.Urges an Governments to take effective action for the implementation of the Vienna Programme of Action;
4.Requests organs, organizations and bodies of the United Nations system and other intergovernmental organizations to comply with the recommendations set forth in the Vienna Programme of Action;
5.Invites all concerned scientific and technical organizations to be guided by the provisions of the Vienna Programme of Action;
6.Fully supports resolution 2, entitled "Women, science and technology", adopted by the Conference on 31 August 1979;/242
1.Decides to establish an Intergovernmental Committee on Science and Technology for Development;/243
2.Endorses the recommendation of the Conference that representation of Member States in the Committee should be at a high level;
3.Decides that the Committee shall be open to the participation of all States as full members, shall meet once a year and shall submit its reports and recommendations to the General Assembly through the Economic and Social Council, which may transmit to the Assembly such comments on the report as it may deem necessary, particularly with regard to co-ordination;
4.Invites all States to participate actively in the Committee and to make an effective contribution to its work;
5.Decides that the Committee shall assist the General Assembly, inter alia, in the following functions:
6.Decides that the Committee shall, as an exception, hold a one-week additional session early in 1980 to consider, inter alia, organizational matters and other issues of a particularly urgent nature and shall hold its regular session in the second quarter of 1980;
7.Requests the Committee to establish working procedures and mechanisms necessary for the effective discharge of its responsibilities and to report thereon to the General Assembly at its thirty-fifth session through the Economic and Social Council;
8.Decides that the Committee shall establish procedures and mechanisms which will ensure it adequate and effective provision of scientific and technical expert advice, shall consider in this connexion modifying the terms of reference of the Advisory Committee on the Application of Science and Technology to Development so that the latter will be able to provide, upon the request of the Committee, all necessary assistance and advice, and shall report thereon to the General Assembly through the Economic and Social Council;
9.Invites the Economic and Social Council to take the necessary action, in the light of recommendations that may be made by the Committee, regarding the Advisory Committee on the Application of Science and Technology to Development;
10. Decides to refer those issues on which agreement was not reached at the Conference to the Committee, so that it may decide, at its earliest convenience, what further action, including procedural action, may be required, taking into account the relevant decision of the Conference;
11. Invites all organs, organizations and bodies of the United Nations system, including the regional commissions, the Specialized agencies and the International Atomic Energy Agency, in accordance with practices established in the light of the relevant resolutions of the General Assembly and the relationship agreements, to participate actively in the work of the Committee at a high level, preferably at the level of heads of secretariat;
12. Invites all appropriate intergovernmental organizations, non-governmental organizations and other concerned organizations to participate in the work of the Committee according to procedures established by the Committee;
1.Requests the Secretary-General to establish, as a new, organizationally distinct entity, a Centre for Science and Technology for Development within the United Nations Secretariat;
2.Decides that the Centre will be located at United Nations Headquarters and will be headed by an Assistant Secretary-General, who shall be responsible to and report directly to the Director-General for Development and International Economic Co-operation as envisaged in paragraph 64 (b) of the annex to General Assembly resolution 32/197 and paragraph 5 (c) of section IV of Assembly resolution 33/202;
3.Decides also that the Centre shall assist the Director-General in fulfilling the responsibilities assigned to him in the Vienna Programme of Action, particularly in providing the necessary substantive support to the Intergovernmental Committee on Science and Technology for Development and in co-ordinating activities at the secretariat level related to science and technology within the United Nations system;
4.Decides further that in the performance of those responsibilities the Centre should maintain close cooperation with all the relevant entities of the United Nations;/245
5.Decides to allocate all the necessary resources from the United Nations regular budget to the Centre, drawing to the fullest extent possible on resources already existing within the United Nations, and to abolish the Office for Science and Technology, redeploying immediately most of its posts and budgetary resources to the Centre, and decides further that the Committee should determine at the earliest possible time whether such resources should be strengthened;
6.Agrees to review the above arrangements, including the level of the head of the Centre, at its thirty-sixth session;
1.Decides that the Director-General for Development and International Economic Co-operation shall be responsible for exercising over-all co-ordination in science and technology, at the secretariat level, within the United Nations system;
2.Requests the organizations of the United Nations system, through, inter alia, the mechanisms of the Administrative Committee on Co-ordinationú, to offer their full and effective co-operation and assistance to the Director-General in discharging his responsibilities in this field;
3.Further decides to entrust to the Director-General the responsibility of co-ordinating the contributions of the organs, organizations and bodies of the United Nations, as well as of the specialized agencies and the International Atomic Energy Agency, to the work of the Intergovernmental Committee on Science and Technology for Development;
4.Calls upon all organs, organizations and bodies of the United Nations system to co-operate with the Director-General in the accomplishment of his over-all co-ordination tasks;
5.Requests all organs, organizations and bodies of the United Nations system to take the necessary steps to implement the recommendations addressed to them in paragraphs 90 to 99 and 104 to 108 of the Vienna Programme of Action;/240
1.Decides to establish a United Nations Financing System for Science and Technology for Development (hereinafter referred to as the Financing System);
2.Decides that the Financing System shall finance a broad range of activities intended to strengthen the endogenous scientific and technological capacities of the developing countries, in particular to assist in the implementation of the measures envisaged in the Vienna Programme of Action, those activities to be complementary to bilateral and multilateral programmes for science and technology and supportive of the national efforts of the developing countries in the field of science and technology, and decides that the Financing System shall be a vehicle for the mobilization, co-ordination, channelling and disbursement of financial resources;
B. Resources of the Financing System
3.Agrees that, in determining the nature and level of the resources of the Financing System, the following considerations should be taken into account:
C. Other financial resources
4.Decides that the Financing System may enter into arrangements with international, regional and other public and private financial institutions with a view to the generation and channelling of additional resources to the developing countries for scientific and technological activities, including research and development, and the commercialization and acquisition of technology;
5.Decides also that the resources to be derived from those arrangements should be supplementary to the Financing System's own resources; such resources could be provided by:
6.Decides that, in addition, the Financing System may use other resources, such as:
Allocation of resources for the interim and long-term arrangements of the Financing System
7.Decides further that the resources available shall be allocated to the various activities identified in the Vienna Programme of Action, including national, subregional, regional and interregional activities; in the context of the decisions on interim arrangements adopted by the General Assembly at its thirty-fourth session and those on long-term arrangements to be adopted at the thirty-sixth session, the Intergovernmental Committee on Science and Technology for Development shall establish guidelines for the allocation and distribution of resources for building up the endogenous scientific and technological capacities of the developing countries; those guidelines should be within the framework of the priorities of the developing countries, at the national, subregional, regional and international levels, for implementing in particular different types of projects and programmes of direct relevance to the developing countries, taking into account, inter alia. the need to take special measures to meet the urgent and specific problems of the least developed, land-locked, island and most seriously affected developing countries and the need to overcome poverty and to accelerate the development of the developing countries as well as other criteria to be adopted by the Committee; additional criteria for the allocation of resources should provide, inter alia, for a part of the resources to be applied to high-risk research and development projects in science and technology at the national, subregional, regional and interregional levels and to provide support for the developing countries in obtaining financial resources from other sources;
8.Decides, in view of the above considerations, as follows:
Long-term arrangements of the Financing System to start in January 1982
9.Decides that the establishment of interim arrangements should not prejudice the ultimate decisions with regard to long-term arrangements;
10.Decides also that the Interim Fund shall be administered and managed in accordance with the provisions of the annex to the present resolution, and urges that the necessary arrangements be made to ensure that it becomes operational at the earliest possible time;
11.Urges all Member States, in particular the developed countries, to contribute generously so that the agreed upon target of $250 million for the Interim Fund may be met.
110th plenary meeting
239/ Report of the United Nations Conference on Science and Technology for Development. Vienna, 20-31 August 1979 (United Nations publication, Sales No, E.79.I.21 and corrigenda).
240/ Ibid, chap VII
241/ A/34/587 and Add. I and 2.
242/ See Report of the United Nations Conference on Science and Technology for Development, Vienna, 20-31 August 1979 (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.79.I.21 and corrigenda), chap. VI, sect. A.
243/ At the same time, the General Assembly recommends to the Economic and Social Council that its Committee on Science and Technology for Development should cease to exist.
244/ The Committee for Programme and Co-ordination and the Administrative Committee on Co-ordination should assist the Intergovernmental Committee, at its request, in accordance with their terms of reference.
245/ These are, inter alia, the United Nations Development Programme, the Department of International Economic and Social Affairs and the Department of Technical Co-operation for Development.
246/ See E/1978/92, paras. 100-104.
247/ A/CONF.81/L.l, paras. A.22, A.38, A.5O, A.59, B.26 and C.20-C.27.
248/ See Report of the United Nations Conference on Science and Technology for Development, Vienna, 20-31 August 1979 (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.79.I.21 and corrigenda), chap. VII.
249 See A/34/587/Add.2.